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Interspinous ligament function

Interspinous ligament - Wikipedi

  1. The ligaments are narrow and elongated in the thoracic region, broader, thicker, and quadrilateral in form in the lumbar region, and only slightly developed in the neck. In the neck they are often considered part of the nuchal ligament. The function of the interspinous ligaments is to limit flexion of the spine
  2. Function. The role of the interspinous ligament is to limit flexion (bending forwards) through restricting separation of the spinous processes of the vertebral column. Click to see full answer. In respect to this, what does the Supraspinous ligament do
  3. The interspinous ligament is a striking source of low back pain. It has a fan like shape with the narrow point of the fan blending with ligamentum flavum

What does the interspinous ligament do? - AskingLot

Abstract The mechanical function of the interspinous and supraspinous ligaments has been examined by simulating, on excised specimens, the deformation caused during forward flexion of the spine in real life These findings are discussed in relation to the function of the posterior ligamentous system. It is suggested that the interspinous ligaments are able to transmit tension from the thoracolumbar fascia to the spine. Finally, the spinal ligaments are thought to be involved in the control mechanism of the spine. PMID: 2349823 [PubMed - indexed for. Interspinous ligament The interspinous ligaments run between, to attach on to, consecutive spinous processes. It attaches to the ligamentum flavum anteriorly and supraspinous ligament posteriorly. The left and right ligaments are seperated by a potential cleft The interspinales muscles are small muscles that connect the spinous processes of adjacent spinal vertebrae. They are comprised of paired muscle fascicles, one on each side of the interspinous ligament. The interspinales muscles are divided based on the region of the vertebral column into Clinical significance: Interspinous ligament desmotomy allows affected horses to return to some level of performance, regardless of the severity of radiographic and scintigraphic findings. © 2019 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons

The interspinous ligaments connect the whole of each spinous process vertically. The interspinous ligament starts at the root of the spinous process, where it emerges from the ring of bone located at the back of the body of its respective vertebra, and extends all the way out to the tip Interspinous ligament. Assoc Prof Craig Hacking and Dr Aaron Wong et al. The interspinous ligaments join the spinous processes along their adjacent borders. They are composed of relatively weak fibrous tissue that fuses with the stronger, supraspinous ligaments The function of the interspinous ligaments is to limit forward flexion of the vertebral column. Supraspinous ligaments join the tips of neighboring spinous processes. They extend from the seventh cervical vertebra until the third or fourth lumbar vertebra The structure of the interspinous ligament suggests that its main function is to attach the thoracolumbar fascia to the posterior spine. Thus the fascia is maintained in tension when stretched by the abdominal muscles. This and other observations indicate the importance of muscles for maintaining the stability of the spinal column in the interspinous ligaments. 4) The relationship between the thickness and any changes in liga- ments. 5) The origin of the changes in ligaments a) in connection with degenera- tion and prolapse of a disk b) after spinal trauma. G) Whether any correlation exists between the changes in the lumbar interspinous ligaments and low back pain

Ligaments of the Vertebral ColumnStabilizing ligaments of the vertebral column - Biology

Interspinous Ligaments - Earth's La

  1. The interspinali\es is located on either side of the interspinous ligament. It runs vertically along the spine starting at the 2nd cervical vertebra (also known as the axis) and extending down to either the 1st or 2nd thoracic vertebra, and then again between about 12th thoracic or 1st lumbar vertebra down to the sacrum
  2. The role of the interspinous ligament is to limit flexion (bending forwards) through restricting separation of the spinous processes of the vertebral column
  3. The supraspinous ligament or supraspinal ligament is a strong fibrous cord that connects together the apices of the spinous processes from the seventh cervical vertebra to 3rd or 4th lumbar vertebrae. From vertebra C7 to the skull ligament becomes structurally distinct from more caudal parts of the ligament and is called the ligamentum nuchae
  4. Heylings DJ. Supraspinous and interspinous ligaments of the human lumbar spine. J Anat. 1978 Jan; 125 (Pt 1):127-131. [Europe PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Hickey DS, Hukins DW. Effect of methods of preservation on the arrangement of collagen fibrils in connective tissue matrices: an x-ray diffraction study of annulus fibrosus

Mechanical function of the human lumbar interspinous and

In addition, the posterior midline ligaments, such as the supraspinous and interspinous ligaments lose their original attachments when the spinous processes are removed.3-5 The reported disadvantages of extensive resection of the posterior bone, posterior ligaments and muscular structures include increase in post-operative pain, peri-operative blood loss, length of stay (LOS) at hospital, and. The biomechanical examination assayed the force necessary to disrupt the interspinous‐supraspinous ligament complex without and after implantation of an IPD. For the anatomic examination, the lumbar spine was plastinated. Serial 4mm thick sections were cut in sagittal and horizontal planes. The macro anatomical positioning of the implants was. Interspinous ligament desmotomy allows affected horses to return to some level of performance, regardless of the severity of radiographic and scintigraphic findings Interspinous Ligaments • Underneath the supraspinous ligaments • Thin, membranous structures • Connect adjoining spinous processes, from root to apex Anatomy of the Interspinous Ligaments • Connect with the ligamenta flava and supraspinous ligaments • Narrow and elongated in the thoracic region • Broader and thicker in the lumber regio The ligament flava, on each side, pass in between the laminae of surrounding vertebrae. These thin, wide ligaments are made primarily of elastic tissue and create part of the posterior side of the vertebral canal. Each ligamentum flavum runs in between the posterior sides of the lamina on the vertebra underneath to the anterior side of the.

Structure-function relationship of human spinal ligaments

  1. INTERSPINOUS LIGAMENT Anatomy. The interspinous ligament (ISL) (Fig. 2-5) is a thin and almost membranous ligament connecting adjacent vertebral spinous processes. 1,2,3,6 Its attachments extend from the root to apex of each spinous process, meeting the SSL dorsally and the LF ventrally. 1,3,6 The ISL is poorly developed in the neck, elongated.
  2. Ligamentum flavum/ Supraspinous and Interspinous ligaments - Function. Limits flexion. Ligamentum flavum - Comments. Contains a high percentage of elastin. Lies immediately posterior to the spinal cord. Thickest in the lumbar region. Supraspinous and Interspinous ligaments - Attachment
  3. The interspinous ligament is removed and its bony attachments are resected. To define the appropriate implant size, trials are utilized. Some bony resection of the spinous process may be needed. The interspinous implant (8, 10, 12, 14, or 16 mm) is introduced tightly with gentle hammering using a mallet
  4. Desmotomy of the interspinous ligament (ISLD) aims to relieve tension on afferent nociceptive receptors in the ligament insertion and relieve pain (it may well be a form of neurectomy). It is combined with a controlled exercise program to re-establish spinal re-mobilization
  5. Supra/interspinous ligaments connect adjacent spinous processes and act as a stabilizer of the spine. As with other spinal ligaments, it can become ossified. However, few report have discussed ossification supra/interspinous ligaments (OSIL), so its epidemiology remains unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the prevalence and distribution of OSIL in symptomatic patients with cervical.

Mechanical Characterization of the Interspinous Ligament using Anisotropic Small Punch Testing Rachel Jane Bradshaw Brigham Young University - Provo of spinal column anatomy and mechanical functions of its constituents is presented. Next, additional insights on the composition, structure, and properties of ligaments are reviewed.. The interspinous ligaments are located between the adjacent spinous processes of the vertebrae. They are composed by elastic ligaments in the cranial part of the equine spine and the caudal part of the bovine spine. In carnivores, the interspinous ligaments are bands of tissue intersped with bundles of the interspinalis muscle, so for some.

supraspinous and interspinous ligament: myofascial

  1. Interspinous ligament fibres were found to be oriented differ ently in the lumbar inter-spinous spaces. In the upper spaces the fibres were more horizontal. In the spaces beneath L3 and L4, fibres were curved and extended postero-superiorly. Fibres were thicker in the ligaments at the lower spaces in comparison to the upper ones
  2. The supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligaments, fibrous capsules of the facet joints (which are ligamentous in structure and therefore also function to limit motion), ligamentum flavum, and posterior longitudinal ligament are all located posterior to the axis of motion for flexion and extension of the spine; therefore, they all limit flexion.
  3. Interspinous ligament. The interspinous ligaments (interspinal ligaments) are thin and membranous ligaments, that connect adjoining spinous processes of the vertebra in the spine. They extend from the root to the apex of each spinous process
  4. accessory atlanto-axial ligament: from posterior body of C2 to lateral mass of C1; there are a number of ligaments which attach the axis to the occipital bone including the tectorial membrane, the paired alar ligaments, median apical ligament and the longitudinal parts of the cruciform ligaments; Function
  5. Spine Biomechanics. one of three primary factors in TLICS scoring system. TLICS measures as. is due to the normal cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis. the vertical axis runs from the center of C2 to the anterior border of T7 to the middle of the T12/L1 disc, posterior to the L3 vertebral body, and crosses the posterior.

The [ligamentum nuchae] is the Latin term to describe the nuchal ligament. It arises from the word [] meaning the back or nape of the neck.The ligamentum nuchae is a midline or median structure found in the posterior aspect of the neck. It is a fibroelastic tendon-like bilaminar structure with a triangular shape The interspinous implant is inserted between the spinous processes through a small (4-8 cm) incision and acts as a spacer between the spinous processes, maintaining the flexion of that spinal interspace. The supraspinous ligament is maintained and assists in holding the implant in place. The surgery doe The interspinous ligaments with the function of limiting the spine flexion are exposed to a traumatic and degenerative process that promotes pain or instability. It has been shown that aging induces structural changes to capsular, fascial and ligamentous structures, mainly to the elastic and collagen fibers. However, the relative changes with. Interspinous Ligaments. The prefix inter means between, and spinous refers to the spinous process of the vertebrae. Therefore, these ligaments run between the spinous process of each vertebrae, meeting the ligamentum flavum anteriorly and the supraspinous ligament posteriorly • One type of interspinous process spacer is inserted between the spinous processes through a small (4-8 cm) incision. The supraspinous ligament is maintained and assists in holding the implant in place. No laminotomy, laminectomy or foraminotomy is performed. Other interspinous spacers require removal of the interspinous ligament and are.

The mechanical function of the interspinous and supraspinous ligaments has been examined by simulating, on excised specimens, the deformation caused during forward flexion of the spine in real life. The load extension curves showed that during the first half of flexion the ligaments carried very little load but towards the end of the range of. The ligaments are narrow and elongated in the thoracic region, broader, thicker, and quadrilateral in form in the lumbar region, and only slightly developed in the neck. In the neck they are often considered part of the nuchal ligament. The function of the interspinous ligaments is to limit flexion of the spine. Reference

Interspinales: Origin, insertion, innervation and action

Ligaments typically joint bones to other bones to stabilize them to one another. Some of these named ligaments in the spine include: the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments (ALL and PLL), interspinous ligaments, supraspinous ligaments, intertransverse ligaments, and ligamentum flavum Interspinous ligaments; Supraspinous ligament[1] The system of ligaments in the vertebral column, combined with the tendons and muscles, provides a natural brace to help protect the spine from injury. Ligaments aid in joint stability during rest and movement and help prevent injury from hyperextension and hyperflexion (excessive movements) The interspinous ligaments provide little resistance to spinous process separation with forward flexion. Supraspinous ligament. The supraspinous ligament is not a true ligament, but rather largely consists of tendinous fibres from the back muscles, and is only well developed at the upper lumbar levels

Long-term prognosis for return to athletic function after

Learn About the Anatomy of the Ligaments in the Spin

Interspinous ligament Radiology Reference Article

Spinal Ligaments connect the vertebrae and play an important part in providing the stability of the spine and protection of the disc. Adams et al. (1980) showed that the supraspinous-interspinous ligaments segments are the first ligamentous tissues to become stressed with forward bending of the lumbar spine. Ligament function related to the spinal ligaments The interspinous ligaments with the function of limiting the spine flexion are exposed to a traumatic and degenerative process that promotes pain or instability. It has been shown that aging induces structural changes to capsular, fascial and ligamen- tous structures, mainly to the elastic and collagen fibers The ligaments most frequently sprained include the supraspinous and interspinous ligaments between L4 and L5 and between L5 and S1, as well as the iliolumbar ligament where it attaches the L5 transverse process to the ilium (see Figures 3 and 4). Depending on the location of the tears, a client may experience pain on either one or both sides of.

Intervertebral joint: Bones, ligaments, movements Kenhu

  1. (B) Post-interspinous spacer and spinoplasty image demonstrating the new widening of the interspinous ligament and central canal. At 3 months ( table 2 ) follow-up showed an overall decrease in the ZCQ symptom score from 3.2 to 1.3 and function score from 2.2 to 1.4
  2. Supraspinous and Interspinous Ligaments The supraspinous and interspinous ligaments both limit flexion (forward bending). Located in back, the supraspinous ligament is a strong rope like tissue that connects the tips of the spinous processes from your sacrum up to C7 (otherwise known as the base of the neck)
  3. After completion of the rehabilitation period, about 82-95% of interspinous ligament desmotomy cases return to riding, with 53% achieving an equal or greater level of performance. After subtotal ostectomy, about 72% of cases return to full function. Back pain can put a huge roadblock in your horse's career, but your veterinarian can help
  4. The vertebral column is a series of approximately 33 bones called vertebrae, which are separated by intervertebral discs.. The column can be divided into five different regions, with each region characterised by a different vertebral structure.. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the vertebral column - its function, structure, and clinical significance
  5. Interspinous ligaments. Located between the spinous processes and serve to limit flexion and rotation of the spine. 6. and also has fibers that blend with the fibers of the sacrotuberous ligament. Functions to limit anterior rotation of the sacrum on the pelvis. 20
  6. One type of interspinous implant is inserted between the spinous processes through a small (4-8 cm) incision and acts as a spacer between the spinous processes, maintaining the flexion of that spinal interspace. The supraspinous ligament is maintained and assists in holding the implant in place. The surgery does not includ

Relationship Between Structure and Mechanical Function of

We use an 18 mm tube which is introduced gradually between 2 interspinous process (L2-L3) the upper segment of the spinous apophysis is drilled, as suggested in the literature1 (Fig. 6-7-8) Once in the midline, the yellow ligament is removed, and the tube is advanced to both sides as much as necessary for root decompression on both sides just something i threw together on the spinal ligaments. This isn't a part of a dvd or anything but i hope you enjoy. for more information visit www.3d-yoga...

The interspinous ligaments with the function of limiting the spine flexion are exposed to a traumatic and degenerative process that promotes pain or instability. It has been shown that aging induces structural changes to capsular, fascial and ligamentous structures, mainly to the elastic and collagen fibers Main Menu. Home; company. Why PG India; Mission; Milestone; Services. CO-PACKING; Warehouse Spac When ligaments are injured, torn, stretched or weakened the adjacent bones move excessively causing many different types of symptoms and loss of function. ⦁ A ligament is a fibrous connective tissue which attaches bone to bone, and usually serves to hold structures together and keep them stable

Contrast Examination of Lumbar Interspinous Ligament

Description. The supraspinous ligament (supraspinal ligament) is a strong fibrous cord, which connects together the apices of the spinous processes from the seventh cervical vertebra to the sacrum; at the points of attachment to the tips of the spinous processes fibrocartilage is developed in the ligament. It is thicker and broader in the lumbar than in the thoracic region, and intimately. The supraspinous ligament is maintained and assists in holding the implant in place. Interspinous Fixation Devices. Interspinous fixation (fusion) devices are being developed to aid in the stabilization of the spine. They are being evaluated as alternatives to pedicle screw and rod constructs in combination withinterbody fusion Interspinous process decompression with the X-STOP device for lumbar spinal stenosis: a 4-year follow-up study. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2006 Jul;19(5):323-7. Kuchta J, Sobottke R, Eysel P, Simons P. Two-year results of interspinous spacer (X-Stop) implantation in 175 patients with neurologic intermittent claudication due to lumbar spinal stenosis

Supraspinous Ligament: This ligament attaches the tip of each spinous process to the other. Interspinous Ligament: This thin ligament attaches to another ligament, called the ligamentum flavum, that runs deep into the spinal column. Ligamentum Flavum The strongest ligament: This yellow ligament is the strongest one Interspinous means the spacers are placed a bit, especially with spinal movement). The X-stop is the only one that can be inserted under local anesthesia. The ligaments around the spine are saved from being cut. The device slips right through a slit made in the ligament. improved function) in more than three-fourths of the patients.

In this way, it maintains the diameter of the central canal in extension. 4 The advantages of this procedure are that it is done without removal of the interspinous ligament or other posterior. The X-STOP® Spacer is the only interspinous spacer approved by the FDA in the United States to treat the symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). LSS is the most common reason for back surgery in people aged 65 years and older in the United States. 1 An estimated 6 million Americans suffer from LSS, with approximately 1.4 million being. The named ligaments of the posterior elements are the ligamentum flavum, the interspinous ligaments, and the supraspinous ligaments. In some respects, the capsules of the zygapophysial joints act like ligaments to prevent certain movements, and in a functional sense they can be considered to be one of the ligaments of the posterior elements Ligamentum flavum: These are short, paired ligaments that connect the vertebral arches of adjacent vertebrae, helping to cover the spinal cord from behind. The lumbar ligamentum flava are the thickest of the entire spine. Supraspinous and interspinous ligaments: These ligaments are present between adjacent spinous processes and limit lumbar.

Interspinales and Intertransversarii Back Muscle

Superion® InterSpinous Spacer. Caution: thickening of tissue (ligaments) that connects two bones, bulging of discs between the bones, or overgrowth of bone. The spinal and cordthe nerve roots that exit the spinal canal can become bowel or bladder function, loss of sensation in the buttocks and groin, and weakness in /or the legs. Your. The sacroiliac joint has the strongest ligament system in the body. They are categorized according to their function of limiting nutation or counternutation. Ligaments limiting nutation include the sacrospinous, sacrotuberous, anterior capsule, anterior sacroiliac ligament, anterior longitudinal ligament, interosseous ligament, and the short posterior ligaments [1]p62-65 [2]p55-60 and the. Recently, interspinous stabilization with Coflex-F implant has become an alternative to treat lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, little attention focused on modifying the structure of the device to obtain the better clinic application. The purpose of this study was to design a new interspinous implant using topology optimization methods and evaluate its biomechanical performance The InSWing™ Interspinous Spacer is a decompression solution developed to relieve pain from lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). This device offers the advantages of a reduced incision size, minimized muscle trauma and preservation of the supraspinous ligament. InSWing offers a less invasive surgical approach, requires minimal or local anesthesia.

Ligaments of the Spine - PhysioAdviso

Interspinous implants are controversially used in the surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative pathologies [].An inadequate etiological understanding, ill-defined indications, and lack of superiority compared to more cost-effective decompression, have drawn their utility into question [2-6].Second generation and perhaps the most commonly used and investigated interspinous implants include. 2. Hindle RJ, Pearcy MJ, Cross A (1990) Mechanical function of the human lumbar interspinous and supraspinous ligaments. J Biomed Eng 12: 340-344. 3. Sharma M, Langrana NA, Rodriguez J (1995) Role of ligaments and facets in lumbar spinal stability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20: 887-900. 4 Pierce the interspinous ligament Instrument 03.630.025 Perforator Align the tip of the perforator with the spinal column until it contacts the lamina. Rotate the perforator 90° until the tip of the instrument is perpendicular to the interspinous ligament. Pierce the inter-spinous ligament as anteriorly as possible The iliolumbar ligament, which has five bands, is one of three vertebra-pelvic ligaments responsible for stabilizing the spine where its lumbar section meets the sacral section in the pelvis. It. The dura mater tear occurred especially at the L5-S1 level, where the dural sac is anatomically located more posteriorly, probably secondary to a low insertion of the dilator instrument. To avoid this complication, a more superficial position of the device, in the midportion of the interspinous ligament of L5-S1, should be achieved

Ligaments are fibrous bands or sheets of connective tissue linking two or more bones, cartilages, or structures together. One or more ligaments provide stability to a joint during rest and movement. Excessive movements such as hyper-extension or hyper-flexion, may be restricted by ligaments. Further, some ligaments prevent movement in. Rissanen P (1960) The surgical anatomy and pathology of the supraspinous and interspinous ligaments of the lumbar spine with special reference to ligament ruptures. Acta Orthop Scand [Suppl] 46: 1-100. Google Scholar Romanes S (1981) Cunninghams textbook of anatomy, 12th ed. Oxford University Press, Londo Supraspinous ligament: Runs from C7 to the mid-lumbar spine, connecting the tips of the spinous processes; Limits flexion of the vertebral column; Interspinous ligaments: Run between spinous processes of adjacent thoracic and lumbar vertebrae (in the cervical region the nuchal ligament runs in these spaces) Limits flexion of the vertebral colum μCT scan of calcified ligaments in AS patients. a Illustration of spinal ligaments. Unaided views of spinous process specimens (interspinous ligament with supraspinous ligament and/or ligamentum. Tagged as interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, supraspinous ligament, thoracolumbar fascia by Dr. Bruce McFarlane | June 21, 2010 · 10:35 am Notes on Anatomy and Physiology: The Spinal Ligaments - Holding All The Parts Togethe

Ligaments of vertebral column (Joints of vertebral arches) 82 Ligamenta flava - -connect the laminae of two adjacent vertebrae and functions to maintain the upright posture-help to preserve the normal curvatures of the vertebral column-assist with straightening the column after flexing-form the posterior wall of the vertebral canal between the vertebrae and may be pierced during lumbar. The interspinous ligament running between the spinous processes. Its more anterior fibers are rich in elastin and blend with the ligamentum flavum; the more posterior fibers meld with the supraspinous ligament. The intertransverse ligaments that bind the ends of the transverse processes and resist side bending to the opposite side

A telltale sign that ligament damage is at your core, can be frequent or painful muscle spasms in the area. The iliolumbar ligaments also work in tandem with the lateral lumbosacral ligament, the ligamenta flava, and the interspinous and supraspinous ligaments. The ligaments help keep your core strong and stable The Trunk Ligaments. The vertebrae are bound together and the column strengthened by several ligaments. The supraspinous ligament, a thick band which connects the points of the spinous processes from the first sacral to the seventh cervical vertebrae. The ligamentum nuchae is the continuation of the supraspinous to the occipital protuberance. C5 results in potential loss of function at the biceps and shoulders, and complete loss of function at the wrists and hands. C6 results in limited wrist control, and complete loss of hand function. C7 and T1 results in lack of dexterity in the hands and fingers, but allows for limited use of arms To understand each cervical ligament, it is helpful to examine them individually. The entire spine is lined with like ligaments that all function similarly throughout the spinal regions. There are seven primary ligaments associated with the spine: the ligamentum flavum, the intertransverse ligament, the posterior longitudinal ligament, and the interspinous ligament interspinous ligament (ISL) is the soft tissue structure which links adjacent spines on midline (orange dashes), the supraspinous ligament (SSLP runs along the top of the spines and gives spinal stability (yellow dashed structure). The pain from kissing spines seems to come from nerve endings present where the ISL sticks on t

Supraspinous ligament - Physiopedi

Hindle RJ, Pearcy MJ, Cross A: Mechanical function of the human lumbar interspinous and supraspinous ligaments. J Biomed Eng. 1990, 12:340-344. J Biomed Eng. 1990, 12:340-344. 10.1016/0141-5425(90)90010- The functions of a ligament are: (1) to provide stability to the joint, (2) to absorb energy during trauma, and (3) to act as a joint position transducer during physiologic motions. Ligaments, along with the paracervical muscles in the cervical spine, prevent motion between vertebrae that might injure the spinal cord or nerve roots Interspinous process decompression (IPD) devices (aka spacers) were developed to address a distinct therapeutic gap in the continuum of care of lumbar spinal stenosis treatment [3]. After successful puncture, the catheter tip was inserted 3-4cm towards the head, pull out the puncture needle, and moved to the interspinous ligament

Head and Neck Anatomy 6Vertebral Column - Anatomy And Cell Biology 240 withPosterior Ligamentous Injury - Sumer's Radiology BlogSpine: interspinous ligament - desmotomy technique inUpper extrimities and spine injuries

Thoroughbred - Interspinous Ligament Desmotomy, , - Coggle Diagram. Thoroughbred - Interspinous Ligament Desmotomy. Goals . Short term Goals: Pain relief. Maintain/build up fitness. Red light therapy promotes healthy cell function. Biomag . Manual Therapies . Massage - to relieve myofascial trigger points by increasing blood flow The spine mainly consists of vertebrae stabilized by multiple ligaments including the anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL), posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL), ligamentum flavum, interspinous ligament, supraspinous ligament, and the apophyseal joint capsules [].Anatomy of the craniocervical junction is different from the rest of the spine and consists of many ligaments Disclaimer. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only 2.1 Supraspinous ligament: 2.2 Interspinous ligament: 2.3 Posterior longitudinal ligament: 2.4 Anterior longitudinal ligament: 2.5 Anulus fibrosus 2.6 Nucleus pulposus 2.2 Interspinous ligament: 2.3 Posterior longitudinal ligament: 2.4 Anterior longitudinal ligament: 2.5 Anulus fibrosus: 2.6 Nucleus pulposus. • The joint capsules, like the supraspinous and interspinous ligaments, are vulnerable to hyperflexion, especially in the lumbar region. It provide more restraint to forward flexion than any of the posterior ligaments because they fail after the supraspinous and interspinous ligaments when the spine is hyperflexed. 18. Functions of Spine View Important Structures of the Spine.docx from BIO MISC at Lebanon Valley College. Soft Tissue Structures of the Spine Structure Ligaments Ligamentum Flavum Supraspinous an