Trachoma SlideShare Nursing

Trachoma 1. D R . A M A N D E E P K A U R TRACHOMA 2. • Chronic infectious disease of conjunctiva and cornea • Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis • May undergo spontaneous resolution or may progress to conjunctival scarring -Trichiasis -Entropion • Classified as - blinding or non-blinding Corneal ulceration Scarring and visual los Tracheostomy Mr. Manikandan.T, RN., RM., M.Sc(N)., D.C.A .,(Ph.D) Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, VMCON, Puducherry. 2. Definition A Artificial (Usually) surgically created airway fashioned by making a hole in the anterior wall of the trachea & the insertion of a tracheostomy tube, which may or may not be permanen Pulmonary tuberculosis ppt. 1. PRESENTED BY; UMADEVI.K IIND YEAR MSC NURSING THE OXFORD COLLEGE OF NURSING BANGALORE. 2. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most prevalent infections of human beings and contributes considerably to illness and death around the world. It is spread by inhaling tiny droplets of saliva from the coughs or sneezes of an.

CONJUNCTIVITIS The conjunctiva is a thin membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball (sclera). Inflammation of the conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis, which makes the white of the eye appear red. 3. Parts of Conjunctiva. 4 SlideShare Results: Gonorrhea. The major maternal infections, their possible effects, and specific nursing considerations are outlined in Table 25-5. prognosis: prognosis Most cases of viral conjunctivitis are acute, benign, and self-limited. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt 11. Buccal administration • The tablet should be placed b/w gum and the walls of cheek. With the mouth closed, the tablet should be held in this position for 5 - 10 minutes or until it has dissolved • Do not adm fluids until medication dissolves. • Powdered medicines are mixed at bed side • Stay with pt until swallow and check the. The National Programme for Control of Visual Impairment and Blindness was launched in 1976 as a 100% centrally sponsored and incorporates the earlier Trachoma Control Programme that was started in 1963. Goals: To reduce the prevalence of blindness (1.49% in 1986-89) to less than 0.3

Important Facts and Figures about Trachoma. Trachoma is an endemic disease and a major public health concern in 42 countries globally. More than 200 million persons living in trachoma endemic. Trachoma is a contagious bacterial infection that affects the surface of the eyes. Over time, scar tissue or ulcers can form that lead to blindness. Currently around 1.9 million people worldwide are blind or visually impaired by trachoma, and it remains a public health problem in 44 countries The struggle dates back to the 1980s when Trachoma was the second leading cause of preventable blindness in Nepal. Stepping up the efforts, the Government of Nepal took a serious initiative in 2002 by establishing the national trachoma program for the complete elimination of the disease. Over 100 Nursing Colleges Without Own Hospitals To be. Funded under USAID Cooperative Agreement No. 663-A-00-00-0358-00. Produced in collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carte communicable disease outline of nursing students, including: epidemiology of communicable diseases in Ethiopia; definition and descriptions of the transmission, prevention and control of communicable diseases, air-borne diseases, vector-borne diseases, sexually-transmitted diseases, zoonotic diseases

Tracheostomy - SlideShar

Pulmonary tuberculosis ppt - SlideShar

Parasitology 5 protozoa and metazoa 11 CHAPTER TWO - MEDICAL PROTOZOOLOGY13 2.1 Class- Rhizopoda ( Amoebae) 2.1.1Free living amoeba 11 2.1. on Blindness - Diagnosis and Management. Visual impairment is when a person has sight loss that cannot be fully corrected using glasses or contact lenses. Blindness can be defined by under following headings: Inability of a person to count fingers from a distance of 6 meters or 20 feet (technical definition) Vision 6/60 or less with the best. Laboratory Diagnostics. Hansen's disease is diagnosed based on clinical presentation and the diagnosis is confirmed by skin or nerve biopsy and acid fast staining. In the United States, the National Hansen's Disease Program. provides diagnostic services. Some serological tests have been developed and promoted by some investigators, but they. Diagnosis. Infection is diagnosed when a laboratory identifies Shigella in the stool (poop) of an ill person. The test could be a culture that isolates the bacteria or a rapid diagnostic test that detects genetic material of the bacteria Light-microscopic examination of a stained bone marrow specimen from a patient with visceral leishmaniasis—showing a macrophage (a special type of white blood cell) containing multiple Leishmania amastigotes (the tissue stage of the parasite). Note that each amastigote has a nucleus (red arrow) and a rod-shaped kinetoplast (black arrow). Visualization of the kinetoplast is important for.


Vaccination. highlights CDC's tetanus vaccination recommendations for young children, preteens, and adults. Being up to date with your tetanus vaccine is the best tool to prevent tetanus. Protection from vaccines, as well as a prior infection, do not last a lifetime. This means that if you had tetanus or got the vaccine before, you still need. education [ed-u-ka´shun] 1. the process of sharing knowledge. 2. the gaining of knowledge. health education see health education. parent education: adolescent in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as assisting parents to understand and help their adolescent children. parent education: childrearing family in the.

Bio217 Fall2012 Unit IV 1 Bio217: Pathophysiology Class Notes Professor Linda Falkow Unit IV: Nervous System Disorders Chap. 12: Structure & Function of the Nervous System Chap. 13: Pain, Temperature, Sleep, and Sensory Chap. 14: Alterations in Cognitive Systems, Cerebral Dynamics, and Motor Functio The longer a woman delays treatment for PID, the more likely she is to become infertile or to have a future ectopic pregnancy because of damage to the fallopian tubes. PID is usually treated with antibiotics to provide empiric, broad spectrum coverage of likely pathogens. Recommended regimens can be found in the 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines

Conjunctivitis - SlideShar

ophthalmia neonatorum slideshar

  1. managed by one or more nursing / paramedical workers, while the highest level within primary health acre is managed by a medical person along with his team of nursing and paramedical persons. In our country, these 3 levels correspond to the ASHA / VHG, MPWs at subentries and the Primary Health centre, respectively
  2. • Nursing process: • The patient with Glaucoma. 18. Nursing Assessment • The patient should be assessed for loss of both central and peripheral vision, discomfort, understanding of disease and compliance with treatment regimen, and ability to conduct activities of daily living. 19. Nursing Diagnosis
  3. Mr. Manikandan.T, RN., RM., M.Sc(N)., D.C.A .,(Ph.D) Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, VMCON, Puducherry
  4. Blindness Dr. Gopalrao Jogdand, M.D. Ph.D. Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicin
  5. Mild -visual acuity worse than 6/12 to 6/18. Moderate -visual acuity worse than 6/18 to 6/60. Severe -visual acuity worse than 6/60 to 3/60. Blindness -visual acuity worse than 3/60. Near vision impairment: Near visual acuity worse than N6 or M.08 at 40cm. A person's experience of vision impairment varies depending upon many different.
  6. Patient history • Generally -Summary of all data regarding the patient's health from birth to present. -Direct vs. indirect • Rules: 1. Create an atmosphere of confidence and trus

Aboriginal children were also greater than 12 times more likely to have active trachoma compared to non-Aboriginal children in this study 45. Mak et al 55 also found a highly variable but ongoing prevalence of active trachoma (0-40%) in children in remote communities of WA, NT and South Australia (SA) from 1993 to 2007 Fundamentals of Nursing Nursing Test Bank. In this section are the practice quiz for fundamentals of nursing that can help you think critically and augment your review for the NCLEX. There are 600+ NCLEX-style practice questions partitioned into four sets in this nursing test bank. We've made a significant effort to provide you with the most. Nursing Management. Provide information regarding management of glaucoma. Discuss preoperative and postoperative teaching for immediate surgical opening of the eye chamber. Prepare to administer carbonic anhydrase inhibitors IV or IM, to restrict production of aqueous humor. Prepare to administer osmotic agents When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select 5 min read Puerperal sepsis or postpartum infection refers to the condition of developing bacterial infections in women after childbirth or during breastfeeding. Whether the delivery is cesarean or vaginal, if a woman has sustained any trauma she runs a risk of developing puerperal sepsis. Use of unclean medical instruments on the private parts and touching the mother [

Conjunctival concretions (Conjunctival lithiasis) are small vascular, granular, yellowish-white deposits being produced due to conjunctival degeneration and are found in the sub-epithelium of palpebral conjunctiva and fornix (junction between palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva) in the elderly group or in patients with chronic inflammatory conditions Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 1 July 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 1 July 2021), ASHP (updated 30 June. Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by a bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae, which multiplies slowly. On average, the disease incubation period is 5 years but symptoms may occur within 1 year. It can also take as long as 20 years or even more to occur. Leprosy mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Low visual acuity, also known as moderate visual impairment, is a visual acuity between 20/70 and 20/400 with your best corrected vision, or a visual field of no more than 20 degrees. Blindness is. The nursing intervention for a patient with rheumatic heart disease include all except: a) Check vital signs frequently b) Maintain proper records c) Administer drugs properly d) Give individual and family health education e) all except c . 9 2. During home visiting to a patient with rheumatic heart disease, th

Toxoplasmosis (tok-so-plaz-MOE-sis) is a disease that results from infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, one of the world's most common parasites. Infection usually occurs by eating undercooked contaminated meat, exposure from infected cat feces, or mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy Ellis Island is a historical site that opened in 1892 as an immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years until it closed in 1954. Located a The definition of Ophthalmia Neonatorum (conjunctivitis of the newborn) is an eye infection that occurs within the first 30 days of life. It is caught during birth by contact with the mother's birth canal that is infected with a sexually-transmitted disease. The infection may be bacterial, chlamydial or viral Understanding and Living with Glaucoma 3 Understanding Glaucoma Glaucoma is an eye disease that usually has no symptoms in its early stages. Without prope

Oral drug administration - SlideShar

  1. Whooping cough is a serious respiratory infection that can be deadly for infants and young children. It causes uncontrollable coughing and difficulty breathing. Infants and children often make a.
  2. ations (screenings with the.
  3. 60 - 80 percent of communicable diseases are attributed to limited access to safe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene services. 70,000 under-five deaths per year due to diarrhoea. 17 per cent of people practice improved hygiene behaviours and live in healthy environments. UNICEF ensures that the Ethiopian population - especially women.

Leprosy (or Hansen's disease) is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection that can cause disfigurement and disability if left untreated. Discover the symptoms and see pictures. Get the facts. Nursing care planning and management for patients with glaucoma include: preventing further visual deterioration, promote adaptation to changes in reduced visual acuity, prevent complications and injury. Here are three (3) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for glaucoma: 1. Disturbed Visual Sensory Perception

Atropine ophthalmic can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 3 months old. How should I use atropine ophthalmic? Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use atropine ophthalmic in larger or smaller amounts or for. Learn everything you need to know about sexually transmitted diseases in order to pass the USMLE. You will be fluent in: types of syphillis , chlamydia trachomatis , neisseria gonorrhea . Learn online with high-yield video lectures & earn perfect scores. Study efficiently. Try now for free

National Programme for Control of Blindness National

  1. Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. The COVID-19 epidemic was declared by the WHO as a public health emergency of international concern on January 30, 2020. The Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, announced on 11 March 2020 that the new coronavirus disease.
  2. Aug 17, 2020 - Abbreviations Commonly Used in OphthalmologyThis is a brief list of some of the abbreviations used on clinic notes. Many of these abbreviations change from ye
  3. Leprosy is an acquired infectious disease that can affect individuals of all ages. It is caused by the acid-fast, rod-shaped bacteria Mycobacterium leprae, which was discovered in 1873 by G.A. Hansen.. Because the bacterium multiplies very slowly, the signs and symptoms of leprosy may not develop until much later after exposure to M. leprae (ranging from several weeks to 20 years or more)
  4. Transient visual loss (TVL) is defined as a temporary monocular or binocular loss of vision. It has a broad differential diagnosis, including vascular, neurological and ophthalmic causes (Table 1).The term amaurosis fugax is often used to describe transient monocular visual loss, but this term has become synonymous with transient monocular visual loss of ischemic etiology (e.g., due to retinal.
  5. Alternative treatment options or cephalosporin allergic. In patients who are cephalosporin allergic, a single 240 mg IM dose of gentamicin plus a single 2 g oral dose of azithromycin is an option. [] . Be aware of treatment-limiting adverse gastrointestinal adverse effects (eg, vomiting) of both of the cephalosporin-allergic regimens, 7.7% and 3.3%, respectively

Toxic shock syndrome can affect anyone, including men, children and postmenopausal women. Risk factors for toxic shock syndrome include skin wounds, surgery, and the use of tampons and other devices, such as menstrual cups, contraceptive sponges or diaphragms Ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) refers to any conjunctivitis occurring in the first 28 days of life. Originally, the term neonatal ophthalmia referred to conjunctivitis in the newborn caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, but now the term is used for any conjunctivitis in this age group, irrespective of cause. It is most commonly infective in origin

Trachoma - Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Diagnosis

WHO provides an interactive timeline of the organization's COVID-19 response activities for general information, and will update the timeline on a regular basis and in light of evolving events and new information. Report showcases the incredible breadth and depth of WHO's work over the past year - a special look into the indispensable role. Trachoma. A serious eye infection known as trachoma, related to Chlamydia trachomatis, is a leading cause of blindness in certain parts of the world. The infection us spread by flies in unsanitary environments and reinfection is a common problem. Trachoma typically infects the inner eyelid, which begins to scar

Trachoma Definition, Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Preventio

Milestone! Nepal Becomes Trachoma-Free Nation, Sets

  1. uses of selected representative countries in Sub-Saharan Africa that underscore the colonial legacy from Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain, and is designed to simply illustrate the general findings of the nature of the national health systems in Africa
  2. What is a tracheostomy? A tracheostomy is a medical procedure — either temporary or permanent — that involves creating an opening in the neck in order to place a tube into a person's.
  3. The main cause worldwide is due to trachoma. This is a common infection in tropical countries, which affects the front of the eye. This can lead to scarring and disruption to the eyelid, which makes it turn inwards. Less common causes include other eye infections or damage. Rarely, people can be born with a defect that causes the eyelid to turn.
  4. e. Malaria due to chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum, when used as adjunctive therapy. Sulfamethoxazole was approved by the FDA in 1961
  5. Leishmaniasis is due to protozoan parasites from the Leishmania species.You get leishmaniasis from being bitten by an infected sand fly. The parasite lives and multiplies inside the female sand fly

Epidemiology. Epidemiology is the study of distribution and determinants of disease and conditions among populations. Disease distribution is considered in terms of Persons, time and place (Who, when and where). Persons who are affected by disease in terms of age, sex, race, occupation etc Tetracycline is used to treat a wide variety of infections, including acne.It is an antibiotic that works by stopping the growth of bacteria.This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections.It. Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, chronic infectious disease that affects the skin, the peripheral nerves (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord), and the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, and eyes. It is caused by the leprosy bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae. Destruction of the peripheral nerves by the bacillus leads to a loss of. glaucoma slideshare; glaucoma slideshare nursing; glaucoma slideshow; glaucoma slt laser; glaucoma slt surgery; glaucoma smartphone; glaucoma society; glaucoma society meeting 2019; glaucoma society of canada; glaucoma society of india; glaucoma society of india 2019 dates; glaucoma society of india 2020; glaucoma society of india members lis Tetracycline or azithromycin cures trachoma if used early and correctly. 13. Scabies. Benzyl benzoate (25% lotion) or permethrin cream (5%) or lotion (1%) May be alternative local remedy. 14. Rub for muscles, bruises, headache, etc. Local liniment or balm, e.g. Vicks, menthol. Usually popular. 15. Antiseptic for cleansing ski

Blepharitis (blef-uh-RYE-tis) is inflammation of the eyelids. Blepharitis usually affects both eyes along the edges of the eyelids. Blepharitis commonly occurs when tiny oil glands near the base of the eyelashes become clogged, causing irritation and redness Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. The most common cause is viral infections. In rare cases it can be caused by bacteria or even fungi. There are two main types of encephalitis. Trachoma is another highly contagious bacterial infection, but sporadic. 9-12 . 2.3 Non-contagious infection could be due to allergen like pollen, any chemical splash, noxious vapour, any irritant, or use of contact lens for extended periods. In case of allergic conjunctivitis, inflammation, itching, and tearing may be intense, accompanied by. The Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet acknowledges the Traditional Owners of the lands and waters of Australia and the Torres Strait.. We respect all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people—their customs and their beliefs. We also pay our respects to Elders past and present, with particular acknowledgement to the Whadjuk people of the Nyoongar nation, the traditional owners of the.

It has long been known that the virus of trachoma can affect the cornea and limbus as well as the conjunctiva. During the active phase the superior limbus exhibits follicles composed of aggregations of lymphocytes surrounding a germinal center of reticuloendothelial cells. Regression of the.. The consequences of unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) on children can be deadly. Over 700 children under age 5 die every day of diarrhoeal diseases due to lack of appropriate WASH services. In areas of conflict, children are nearly 20 times more likely to die from diarrhoeal disease than from the conflict itself

Trichomoniasis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Blindness - Diagnosis and Managemen

What is amebiasis? Amebiasis is a disease caused by a one-celled parasite called Entamoeba histolytica (ent-a-ME-ba his-to-LI-ti-ka).. Who is at risk for amebiasis? Although anyone can have this. Vaccine, suspension of weakened or killed microorganisms or toxins or of antibodies or lymphocytes that is administered to prevent disease. Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to attack specific harmful agents. Learn about the history, effectiveness, and types of vaccines Blindness is strictly defined as the state of being totally sightless in both eyes. A completely blind individual is unable to see at all. The word blindness, however, is commonly used as a relative term to signify visual impairment, or low vision, meaning that even with eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine or surgery, a person does not see well.. Vision impairment can range from mild to se

Laboratory Diagnostics Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) CD

  1. Cataracts. One of the most common eye problems among seniors, the development of cataracts can cause vision problems and vision loss. A cataract is a painless cloudy lens in the eye that causes blurry vision.. It progresses slowly as we age. Most people who reach their mid-70s will have some cataract-like changes to their cornea
  2. D oxycycline Hyclate Capsules USP Doxycycline Hyclate Tablets USP. Rx Only. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of doxycycline hyclate and other antibacterial drugs, doxycycline hyclate should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria
  3. obenzoic acid. Mammals must obtain folic acid in their diet because they are unable to synthesize.
  4. Visual Impairment. The human eye is like a camera that collects, focuses, and transmits light through a lens to create an image of its surroundings. In a camera, the image is created on film or an image sensor. In the eye, the image is created on the retina , a thin layer of light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye

Diagnosis and Treatment Shigella - Shigellosis CD

Meningitis. Created By: VSU Student Health Center Nursing Staff What is Meningitis? Infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain Viral or Bacterial Etiology is important because of the seriousness of the illness and the treatment needed Viral Meningitis Usually clears up in a week or two with no specific treatment Common; rarely serious infection of fluid in. Esophageal Cancer. note Introduction • Carcinoma of esophagus - 9th most common cancer in the world (1) & 15th most common cancer in Malaysia (2.1%). • Disease of mid to late adulthood, with poor survival rate (2). 1) Bailey & Love; SHORT PRACTICE OF SURGERY, 24th Edition 2) Report Of The National Cancer Registry - Cancer Incidence In Malaysia 2003 Aetiology Modifiable Non-modifiable. ?Note: This page may contain content that is offensive or inappropriate for some readers. Syphilis Definition Syphilis is an infectious systemic disease that may be either congenital or acquired through sexual contact or contaminated needles. Description Syphilis has both acute and chronic forms that produce a wide variety of symptoms affecting most of. Basic Nursing Chronic catarrhal conjunctivitis care 1. Adjust daily life and workload, regular activities and exercise, to avoid fatigue. 2. [healthfrom.com] If not treated promptly, the majority of 1 to 2 weeks recovery, the prognosis is good. Regret for modulating, the protracted illness, can evolve into chronic. [wehealthweb.com

CDC - Leishmaniasis - Diagnosi

Search for medical information on Google. You can search on Google for medical information that's been reviewed by doctors. You can learn more about the following: Symptoms, treatments, and medical conditions. Prevention, safety, and concerns. Tip: Medical information on symptoms and treatments is available only in some countries Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease (DED), is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus.It is a leading cause of blindness in developed countries.. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80 percent of those who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. At least 90% of new cases could be reduced with proper treatment and monitoring of the eyes Exemple dissertation bonheur for an essay on halitosis. In general, the panelists saw magicc as an integrative whole with recognition of prior research, con- flicting beliefs, values dissertation exemple bonheur and expectations while encouraging them to finish their projects on descriptors already in the tables, figures, and figure 4 below Type IV or delayed-type hypersensitivity. Type IV hypersensitivity typically occurs at least 48 hours after exposure to an antigen. It involves activated T cells, which release cytokines, macrophages attracted by these cytokines, and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. Delayed-type hypersensitivity and granuloma play a major role in tissue damage observed.

Tetanus Prevention CD

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis amongst primary school pupils in Owerri Municipal.Methods: A cross.. The WHO, in partnership with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness launched the VISION 2020—right to sight initiative in 1999. The goal is the elimination of avoidable blindness due to five diseases: cataract, trachoma, onchocerciasis, vitamin A deficiency, and refractive errors. Video Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale: [ skāl ] 1. a thin flake or compacted platelike body, as of cornified epithelial cells. See also squama . 2. a scheme or device by which some property may be measured (as hardness, weight, linear dimension). 3. to remove incrustations or other material from a surface, as from the enamel of teeth..